Introduction of the Department
The Department of Rheumatology covers the diagnosis and treatment of child rheumatic and connective tissue diseases as well as primary immunodeficiency diseases. The admitted diseases include such primary immunodeficiency diseases as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, child systematic lupus erythematosus, child dermatomyositis, Kawasaki disease, anaphylactoid purpura, severe eczema, exudative erythema multiforme, high-IgM immunodeficiency disease, chronic granulomatosis, severe combined immunodeficiency, eczema-throbocytopenia immunodeficiency disease, and hemophagocytic syndrome. It is especially adept at the diagnosis and treatment of such indefinite and refractory pediatric diseases as fever of unknown origin, articular pain, rash of unknown cause, recurrent respiratory tract infection.  
Now the department’s diagnosis and treatment are of top level within the country. It can implement genetic diagnosis of rare primary immunodeficiency diseases, and takes a lead in the treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis with biologicals within Xinjiang, and has accumulated rich clinical experience in dealing with refractory diseases.


Introduction to the Experts


Name: Mierzhati Haiweier
Job title: Chief Physician
Specialty: the diagnosis and treatment of child rheumatic and immunological diseases, especially the primary immunodeficiency diseases, with rich clinical experience.



Name: Zhao Dongmei
Job title: Chief Physician
Specialty: diagnosis and treatment of child rheumatic and immunological diseases, especially the difficult and complicated child rheumatic connective tissue diseases and immunodeficiency diseases, with over three decades’ clinical experience.


Advanced instrument
The Calibur flow cytometry (FCM) of BD can improve the autoantibody, ANCA-related antibodies, rheumatic CCP and AKA antibodies, and the detection of autoimmune hepatitis.



Insomnia case
Typical case of rheumatology A
The patient, a six-year-old male child, was admitted into the hospital due to articular pain on all fours for 2 years and aggravation for 3 months and inability to walk on ground.
The examination revealed the patient had swollen knee, wrist and elbow joints, limited activity, local deformation, limited activity of hip joints on both sides. The patient couldn’t even walk on ground.
Definite admitting diagnosis: juvenile idiopathic arthritis. In view of the long medical history, severe symptoms, and significantly limited articular activity of the patient, biological agents-tumor necrosis factor was given on the basis of normal immunosuppressor therapy covering hormone and methotrexate.
After the treatment, the patient’s articular pain was significantly relieved two weeks later. In combination of the articular function training, the patient could walk by himself three months later with flexible movement. Now two years passed, the patient grows and develops normally without such discomforts as articular swelling or pain. All his examination indexes are normal.




Typical case of rheumatology B
The patient, a one year and two months old female child, was admitted due to fever, rash and convulsions.
The examination revealed dense and purple red rash all over the body with some fused in the shape of eccentric circle, without ulceration, accompanied with mucosal lesion in mouth, eye, anus and vulva. The rash quickly worsened with massive skin ulceration and stripping as well as fever after the patient was admitted.
After admission, in view of the features of medical history and clinical manifestations of the patient, she was diagnosed as suffering from severe exudative erythema multiforme, immune encephalitis and systematic reaction syndrome. Through treatment of anti-infection, immunity, support and skin care, the patient restored normal temperature. The rash basically faded away, the damaged skin and mucosa gradually recovered. During the reexamination, all the indexes turned to be normal, so the patient was discharged as being cured.